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厉害了!日本交付了全球工业机器人供应量的52%【工控译文】

工控参考2018-11-06 15:45:54

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日本供应商的产能在2016年达到了15.3万台,创历史最高水平。日本的制造商交付了全球供应量的52%。

在2016年,日本总共出口了近11.5万台工业机器人,价值3090亿日元(约合27亿美元)。这是迄今为止最高的一年出口量。

2016年日本的机器人销售量增长了10%,约为3.9万台,是过去十年的最高水平。


November 27, 2017– According to a recent IFR report, Japan is the world´s predominant industrial robot manufacturer: The production capacity of the Japanese suppliers has reached 153,000 units in 2016 – the highest level ever recorded. Today, Japan´s manufacturers deliver 52 percent of the global supply. These are results published by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR) ahead of the International Robot Exhibition (iREX) in Tokyo - November 29th - December 2nd 2017.


  2017年11月27日——根据最近的一份IFR报告,日本是世界上最大的工业机器人制造商:日本供应商的产能在2016年达到了15.3万台,创历史最高水平。如今,日本的制造商交付了全球供应量的52%。这些是国际机器人联合会(IFR)在2017年11月29日至12月2日在东京举办的国际机器人展(iREX)之前发布的数据。



图片来源:视觉中国

“Japan is a highly robotized country where even robots are assembled by robots”, said Joe Gemma, President of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR). “The statistics show that automation strongly boosts exports and domestic investments as well  – robot sales in Japan increased by 10 percent to about 39,000 units in 2016 - reaching the highest level in the last ten years.”


  日本是一个高度机器人化的国家,甚至机器人都是由机器人组装的。”国际机器人联合会主席Joe Gemma表示,“统计数据显示,自动化极大地促进了日本出口和国内投资——2016年日本的机器人销售量增长了10%,约为3.9万台,是过去十年的最高水平。”


  Japan exported a total of nearly 115,000 industrial robots in 2016 with a value of 309 billion yen (about US$ 2.7 billion). This is by far the highest export volume for one year. The export rate increased from 72 percent to 75 percent (2011-2016). North America, China, the Republic of Korea and Europe were target export destinations. The Japanese imports of robots were extremely low, only about 1 percent of installations. Thus, foreign robot suppliers did not achieve a high sales volume in Japan. The home market has strongly recovered since the financial crisis in 2009 and reached 39,000 units, the highest level since 2006 (37,000 units).


  在2016年,日本总共出口了近11.5万台工业机器人,价值3090亿日元(约合27亿美元)。这是迄今为止最高的一年出口量。出口率从72%上升到75%(2011至2016年)。北美、中国、韩国和欧洲是目标出口地。日本的机器人进口量非常低,只有大约百分之一。因此,外国机器人供应商在日本的销量并不高。自2009年金融危机以来,日本国内市场强劲复苏,达3.9万台,为2006年以来的最高水平(3.7万台)。


The automotive industry is the largest destination market for industrial robots in Japan with a share of 36 percent of the total supply. Car manufacturers bought 48 percent more industrial robots than in 2015 (2016: 5,711 units). Japanese car suppliers are leading in the production of hybrid cars and will increase investments in automated driving technologies. The development of new materials which reduce weight and save energy will also foster investments in robot automation. However, the ongoing reduction of production capacities in Japan will impact domestic demand for robots. Investments abroad, on the other hand, will continue to increase. The Japanese car companies have been increasingly expanding production facilities overseas, particularly in China, as well as other Asian countries and in the United States and Mexico.


  汽车行业是日本工业机器人最大的应用市场,占总供应量的36%。汽车制造商购买的工业机器人比2015年多出48%(2016年为5,711台)。日本汽车供应商在混合动力汽车生产方面处于领先地位,并将增加对自动驾驶技术的投资。减少重量和节约能源的新材料开发也将促进对机器人自动化的投资。但是,日本产能持续减少将影响国内对机器人的需求。另一方面,海外投资将继续增加。日本汽车公司越来越多地在海外扩大生产设施,特别是在中国以及其他亚洲国家,还有美国和墨西哥。


东京国际机器人展(iREX) 图片来源:新华网



After the strong growth of robots in the electrical/electronics industry in 2015 (11,659 units), a decrease of 7 percent followed in 2016. However, the electrical/electronics industry has preferred to invest in production facilities abroad. Furthermore, continued investments in robots can be expected in this sector with the increasing demand for chips, displays, sensors, batteries and other technologies around electro mobility, and industry 4.0 (connected industries).


  2015年电器/电子行业机器人业务增长强劲(11,659台),但2016年下降了7%,主要是因为电器/电子行业更多投资到国外生产设施。此外,随着芯片、显示器、传感器、电池和其他电动交通技术以及工业4.0(连接行业)需求的不断增长,这一行业对机器人的持续投资预计将会出现。


The two most important customer groups of industrial robots in Japan - automotive and electrical/electronics - had jointly, a share of 64 percent of the total supply in 2016. Robot sales to both sectors increased by 8 percent in 2016. In all other branches, as a whole, the market increased by 14 percent.


  日本工业机器人中最重要的两个客户群体——汽车和电器/电子,在2016年共占总供应量的64%。2016年,机器人在这两个行业的销售额增长了8%。而所有其他分行业,市场整体上涨了14%。


  In Japan, the economy benefits from increased foreign demand, especially from China, the expansive monetary policy of the Bank of Japan and the weaker yen. Based on estimates provided by the Japanese Robot Association (JARA), the IFR expects an increase of around 10 percent in 2017 in domestic installations. Between 2018 and 2020 a further average annual increase of about 5 percent is likely, provided the economic recovery in Japan continues.


  日本央行扩张性的货币政策和日元走软使得外需增加,特别是来自中国的需求,识得经济受益。根据日本机器人协会(JARA)提供的估计,IFR预计2017年日本国内市场增长10%左右。如果日本的经济复苏持续下去,2018年和2020年之间的平均年增长率可能会达到5%左右。


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